引言與歷史


引言 INTRODUCTION

在我們中間,大多數的人都曾經不願意承認自己是有問題的賭徒。沒有人願意承認自己不正常,和別人不一樣。因此,在我們的賭徒生涯中,我們都曾無數次想要證明我們是可以像正常人一樣地賭博而不會失去控制。這種想法一點也不奇怪。自以為總有一天,總有一個辦法,我們能控制賭博,是每一個上癮的賭徒最大的迷惑。在這自欺的幻想中持續不醒,後果是很可怕的。許多人因此犯法入獄,發瘋,甚至死亡。
Most of us have been unwilling to admit we were real problem gamblers. No one likes to think they are different from their fellows. Therefore, it is not surprising that our gambling careers have been characterised by countless vain attempts to prove we could gamble like other people. The idea that somehow, some day, we will control our gambling is the great obsession of every compulsive gambler. The persistence of this illusion is astonishing. Many pursue it into the gates of prison, insanity or death.

我們必需從心底完全地承認自己是一個上癮的賭徒。這是我們重建過程的第一步。只要一提到賭博,我們必需馬上粉碎心中的錯誤幻想:以為我們和正常人一樣,或以為我們現在也許已經正常了。
We learned we had to concede fully to our innermost selves that we are compulsive gamblers. This is the first step in our recovery. With reference to gambling, the delusion that we are like other people, or presently may be, has to be crushed.

我們已經失去能力無法控制賭博。我們知道沒有一個上癮的賭徒可以再控制賭博的。有時候我們覺得自己好像已經能再控制賭博了,只是過一段時間後,通常在很短的時隔後,我們又無可避免地落入比以前更失控的光景,最後還是又落入賭博的深淵,陷入不可自拔的敗壞中,像我們這樣的賭徒是被一漸進式的疾病所控制住,在一段時間後只會變得更嚴重,不會變好。
We have lost the ability to control our gambling. We know that no real compulsive gambler ever regains control. All of us felt at times we were regaining control, but such intervals – usually brief -were inevitably followed by still less control, which led in time to pitiful and incomprehensible demoralisation. We are convinced that gamblers of our type are in the grip of a progressive illness. Over any considerable period of time we get worse, never better.

所以,為了能過正常快樂的生活,我們要盡量將我們學到的原則,應用在我們的生活中。
Therefore, in order to lead normal happy lives, we try to practice to the best of our ability, certain principles in our daily affairs.

歷史HISTORY

戒賭者互助會(Gamblers Anonymous)起源於1957年1月,兩位男士偶然相遇,當時這兩位男士因為賭博過度,而都有一段相當淒慘痛苦的艱難歷史,他們開始定期聚會,經過數月,他們竟然都沒有再去賭博。
The Fellowship of Gamblers Anonymous is the outgrowth of a chance meeting between two men during the month of January in 1957. These men had a truly baffling history of trouble and misery due to an obsession to gamble. They began to meet regularly and as the months passed neither had returned to gambling.

他們在討論之後做了以下結論:為了避免賭博的毛病復發,他們必須改變自己一些不好的個性。為要達成這點,他們參照其他戒癮者所使用的“靈性重建原則”來擬定方案,因為這個原則已經成功地幫助成千上萬的上癮者恢復正常。“靈性”可以用來解釋人心所能表現出的最高最好的情操,像仁愛、慷慨、誠實、和謙卑。而且,為了使自己能持續戒賭,將“戒賭有希望”的信息傳遞給其他上癮的賭徒也是非常重要的。
They concluded from their discussions that in order to prevent a relapse it was necessary to bring about certain character changes within themselves. In order to accomplish this, they used for a guide certain spiritual principles, which had been utilised by thousands of people who were recovering from other compulsive addictions. The word spiritual can be said to describe those characteristics of the human mind that represent the highest and finest qualities such as kindness, generosity, honesty and humility. Also, in order to maintain their own abstinence they felt that it was vitally important that they carry the message of hope to other compulsive gamblers.

第一次戒賭者互助會於1957年9月13日星期五,在洛杉磯開始聚會。從那時起到現在,戒賭者互助會一直在穩定地成長,也發展到全美及世界各地。英國戒賭者互助會的第一次聚會發生在1964年7月10日。此後不久在格拉斯哥舉行了首次聚會。

The first group meeting of Gamblers Anonymous was held on Friday, September 13, 1957, in Los Angeles, California. Since that time, the fellowship has grown steadily and groups are flourishing throughout the world. The first Gamblers Anonymous meeting in the UK was on 10 July 1964. Shortly after that the first meeting in Glasgow was held.

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